Vocabulary Words and Abbreviations

  1. Laceration -Tear- Cut – Slash of Skin
  2. Edema – Swelling
  3. Emesis – Vomiting
  4. Cyanosis – Turning Blue or Blue Grey
  5. P R N – As Needed or On Call
  6. Water Temp – 105 Degrees
  7.  Ecchymosis – Bruise
  8. Aseptic – Free from Contamination / Sterile
  9. Feces – Bowel Movement
  10. q.i.d – Four Times a Day = CORRECT
  11. t.i.d – Three Times a Day = CORRECT
  12.  h.s. care – Hours of Sleep Care
  13. Tympanic Thermometer – Ear Thermometer
  14.  Red Top Thermometer – Rectal Thermometer
  15. Voiding – Urination
  16. Lethargy- Lack of Energy & Enthusiasm
  17. Fecal Impaction – Serious Constipation
  18. STAT – Immediately
  19. Incontinence – Involuntary Leakage of Urine
  20. Nausea – Feeling Sick
  21. I & O – Intake and Output
  22. N.P.O – Nothing by Mouth
  23. When Cleaning Wipe – Cleanest to Dirtiest
  24. q – Every
  25. Crohn’s Disease – Type of IBD – Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  26. Oral Hygiene Mouth/Teeth/Glues/ Tongue
  27. Lateral = from side or sides / Sims =on Side / Supine = On Back
  28. Prone =Face Down flat in bed.
  29.  Anti-Embolism Stocking = Ted Hose or Stocking
  30. Dehydration Signs- Lethargy, weakness, low BP – rapid pulse

31. Aspiration = Death happens when someone vomits and then inhales the regurgitated food into their lungs
32. H S – Hours of Sleep – Evening Care Wash face, hands, unarms, and Perineum
33. BB = Clients Complete Body
34. Nutrition’s are Essential to Life
35. Carbohydrates – Provides fuel and energy to the body.
36. Proteins are essential for good health, healing and growth.
37. Nasal Gastric Tube – Threaded through the nose into the stomach
38. Gastronomy Tube – Inserted through the abdominal wall into the stomach
39. Force Fluids – Encouraging the client to drink more liquids.
40. Signs of Dehydration – Lethargy, weakness, low Blood Pressure
41. Pathogens are Micros that cause disease
42. Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood and body fluids.
43. Medical Aseptic prevents the spread of infection. – Aseptic Processing is the process by which a sterile (aseptic) product is packaged in a sterile container
44. Scabies – Rash and intense itching
45. Blood Pressure is taken using the Brachial Artery.
46. ROM Exercises is a method of preventing contractures. A muscle contracture is a permanent shortening of a muscle. Foot Down is a type of Contracture
47. Trochanter roll – A Trochanter Roll is a medical equipment that is used to help patients who have a problem with rotating hip bones
48. Ombudsman – A person who speaks for someone else. Client Advocate.
49. UTI Urinary Track Infection
50. Decubitius Ulcers – Pressure Ulcer
51. Post Mortem Care – After Death

verbal corrections

As a CNA, you’re responsible for making sure patients get the care they need. CNAs often have to deal with tough situations that require some knowledge of medical terminology. These useful verbal correction phrases can assist you with making corrections and improving the quality of the care you provide. When you want to voice our your Verbal Corrections, you must always be polite.

Say “Excuse me, I have a correction”



You Can NEVER ABANDON A PATIENT in your care. You MUST WAIT until your replacement comes, before you can leave your assignment. You are responsible for that patient until you are discharged. If you leave them and they die, you are held responsible. This is for a patient that has full 24 hour care. course if you are with a weekly client or daily client then when you are done you can leave.
Remove residents who are in immediate danger.
Activate the alarm to alert others.
Contain the fire by closing doors.
Extinguish the fire